Causes and Types of Tyre Damages

The automobile as the word AUTO signifies car. It is a Vehicle with typically four wheels and built primarily for passenger transportation, typically propelled by an internal-combustion engine that burns a volatile fuel; see also automobile.

In today’s world, the automobile is a complex technical system comprised of subsystems each with a distinct design function. Some of them are made up of thousands of component pieces that have been developed as a result of breakthroughs in existing technology or as a result of the advancement of new technologies like electronic computers, high-strength polymers, and new steel and nonferrous metal alloys, among others. Some subsystems have emerged as a result of environmental problems such as air pollution, safety legislation, and global competitiveness among manufacturers in various industries.

An automobile is made up of many parts, but tyres are crucial since they are the only point of contact between the road and the vehicle. Tyres have a significant impact on your driving experience. The tyres handle not just the weight but also the frictional forces when driving.

Different types of tyre damage include punctures, cracks, sidewall damage, uneven tread wear, and occasionally burst. Most of the time, it is necessary to replace rather than repair. These are both visible and heard from the outside. MOT Watford recommends before driving, inspecting the tyres to avoid any unexpected situations is a must.

Types of Damage:


When a sharp item pierces the outer wall of a tyre, a puncture occurs. It is also one of the most prevalent and well-understood types of tyre damage. The loss of air caused by the puncture is the reason for the under-inflation. When a puncture is noticed, one should immediately stop driving since it might lead to a serious situation.


Sidewalls and the tyre’s surface are frequently exposed to cracks. Driving on poorly maintained roads, ordinary wear and tear, and, in rare situations, excessive UV exposure can all contribute to crack formation. If you see a crack, it is best to change the tye because it will only become worse with time.

Side-Wall Damage

There is a limit to everything! As well as your tyre’s sidewalls Bulges and cuts are two of the most typical sidewall issues. Over speeding on a speed breaker can cause bulges. Cuts are only the beginning of a crack and can result in blowouts.

Uneven Treadwear

It is natural for your tyre to wear out with each mile you go. The difficulties are caused by uneven tread wear. The many forms of wear include heel to toe, centre, and one-sided.

Tyre Burst

Tyre bursts are the most hazardous and worst-case situation imaginable. Burst tyres have a significant impact on a car’s manoeuvrability. The major factor is generally under or overinflation.

Causes of Damage:

Inflation Pressure

In most cases, rather than the tyre itself, the weight is carried by the air contained within the tyre. When it comes to tyre performance, the inflation pressure has a direct bearing on how well the tyre performs. Excessive tyre deflection is typically caused by underinflation, which results in an increase in heat level and the early breakdown of the tyres in question.

MOT Watford says under and over-inflation can both cause premature tyre failure, so proper inflation is critically important.

Heat Build-Up

What causes tyres to wear, cuts, and structural fatigue?

When a tyre spins, it generates a lot of energy not just through friction with the road but also from carrying the weight of the cargo and the vehicle itself. Under-inflation, severe braking, poorly constructed roads, seasonal effects, and other variables all contribute to the accumulation of heat inside the tyres.

These variables not only increase deformation by creating additional energy but also shorten tyre life.

Driving on a hilly route, not taking necessary seasonal precautions, and putting too much weight on tyres creates heat build-up inside the tyre.

To reduce heat accumulation, one should drive safely, check the load capacity before driving, and keep the roads in good condition on a regular basis.

Servicing Your Vehicle on a Regular Basis

To have a smooth driving experience, one should focus on car service and maintenance.

Fuel and oil leaks can harm the rubber composition, reducing the tyre’s lifespan. As a result, disregarding your vehicle’s condition will simply increase its operating costs.

Selecting the Perfect Tyre

MOT Watford says before selecting the proper one for their vehicle, one should consider the tread pattern, tyre structure, compound, TKPH, and load speed index.